St. Alphonsamma Church

St. Alphonsamma Church

Bharananganam, an important pilgrim centre in South India, is located on the banks of Meenachil river, 5 km east of Pala in Kottayam district. Bharananganam and surrounding places are bestowed with natural beauty due to hilly areas and lot of vegetation. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people, who cultivate plantation crops such as

Bharananganam, an important pilgrim centre in South India, is located on the banks of Meenachil river, 5 km east of Pala in Kottayam district. Bharananganam and surrounding places are bestowed with natural beauty due to hilly areas and lot of vegetation. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people, who cultivate plantation crops such as Rubber.

The Population of Bharananganam comprises Catholic Syrian Christians and Hindus. The Syrian Christian community here is said to be 1000 years old, who migrated from the nearby Aruvithura area, along the upper course of the Meenachil River, in the 10th and 11th centuries. Also many other Christian families migrated to the region from other ancient Christian centers, in the following centuries. The community is traditionally into farming. Both the Christians and Hindus live in absolute peace and harmony.

Bharananganam is known for its many aristocratic and affluent Nasrani families who’ve branched out from the place to other agrarian areas of Kerala, following the early agrarian expansion of Central Travancore, in the mid-19th century. This expansion lasted till the 1980s, with the last few waves of migrant Syrian Christians from in and around the area, migrating to the hilly villages of Northern Kerala.

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